Snoring is breathing disorder during sleep, accompanied by the vibration of the larynx and nasopharynx soft tissues and production of low-frequency rattling sound. Snoring is frequently associated with respiratory arrest (apnea) attacks, which results in oxygen deficiency of vital organs and systems and increased risk of infarction and stroke development. Snoring leads to disorders of good sleep of the snoring person and people surrounding him/her.
Each fifth person at the Earth snores during sleep. About 3% of the population suffers from occasional respiratory arrest during sleep. Due to certain anatomical peculiarities of airways structure, men are more susceptible to snoring. There are 10 snoring men per one permanently snoring woman.
Age. Middle-aged and elderly people experience throat narrowing and loss of muscular tone.
Constitution particulars. Men’s throat is narrower, which is why they snore much more frequently and louder than women. Other causes may include cleft palate, enlarged adenoids and other abnormalities which could be congenital.
Nose and maxillary sinuses-related problems. These can also include deflected nasal septum.
Body weight problems and poor physical shape. Fatty tissue and poor physical shape promote snoring.
Alcohol, smoking, and medicines. I think you noticed several times that you start snoring if you had a jag on (even if you don’t smoke and don’t take medicines).
Position uncomfortable for sleep. For example, if you sleep on your back, throat tissues can prevent normal air passage.
Besides, observation of your snoring manner can also help to identify the problem:
Snoring with a closed mouth can be indicative of tongue problems.
Snoring with open mouth can be indicative of throat tissue problems.
Snoring on the back is the easiest option. Sleep position change and a healthy lifestyle are sufficient to stop snoring.
Snoring in every position can be indicative of more serious problems and requires complex examination.
Snoring, even not aggravated by respiratory arrests, can be the cause of multiple arousals. Such arousal episodes are not realized and not retained in memory. Normal sleep pattern disorders prevent the body from having enough rest during the night. As a result, a person suffering from snoring does not get enough sleep, gets tired quickly, and feels permanent somnolence.
Snoring not associated with respiratory arrests does not always alter sleep pattern. Snoring with occasional respiratory arrests in response to oxygen deficiency initiates a cascade of pathological reactions. The brain responds to hypoxia and sends the body a signal for awakening.
In normal condition, sleep consists of several consecutive phases. Infrequent awakenings, the brain has no time to achieve deep sleep phases – periods of full musculature relaxation and blood pressure decrease.
Regular arousals activate the sympathetic nervous system. As a result, a person suffering from snoring develops elevated blood pressure, more frequent pulse, and sometimes cardiac rhythm disorders.
Continuous effect of these pathological mechanisms of human body results in the development of hypertension, arrhythmias, infarctions, and strokes. Patients with snoring associated with apnea frequently have potency problems. They are more frequently involved in traffic accidents due to somnolence and reduced attention.
Snoring people are inclined to soporifics and alcohol abuse. Snoring patients get into a particularly vicious circle: snoring disturbs sleep, a patient starts using soporifics, laryngeal and pharyngeal muscle tone gets more decreased, and snoring aggravates.
How should a suitable anti-snoring agent be selected?
Choosing the best agent against snoring, one should learn indications and contraindications for its use and review the feedback.
Snoring cause and the problem intensity can affect this selection. For example, if a pathology is manifested through loud sounds only and does not affect patient’s general state of health, nasal sprays and clips can be used, or one can try to get rid of snoring using folk medicine. In the presence of apnea, it is desirable to solve the problem using CPAP apparatus.
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